PHEVs Account for Nearly 37% of EVs Sold to Date in the US

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People seem to either love or hate plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). Depending on your perspective, PHEVs are either an important part of the solution of transitioning off gas-powered vehicles — or an absolutely horrendous idea and waste of energy and resources.

Regardless of your views on PHEVs, however, they remain a fairly popular choice of EV and through April 2021 accounted for 36.7% of EVs (BEV and PHEV) sold in the US since January 2011. And in California, the most EV-centric state in the US, PHEVs comprise a slightly higher percentage of EV registrations to date at 38.3%.

The Ups and Downs of US PHEV Sales: 2011 Through Q1 2021

While PHEVs account for 36.7% of EVs sold in the US between January 2011 and April 2021, plug-in hybrid’s share of EV sales has varied widely over that 10 year and four month period. In 2012 PHEVs reached their high point at 74.6% due to the popularity of the Chevrolet Volt. But then PHEVs saw a steady decline from 2016 to a low point in 2020 at 21.3%, driven partially by GM ending production of the Volt in 2019.

Sales rebounded in the first four months of 2021 to 26.7%, however, due primarily to strong sales of the Toyota Prius Prime and RAV4 Prime. Look for the PHEV share of EV sales to likely increase even further for all of 2021 with continued strong sales from the Prius Prime and RAV4 Prime, and from six new PHEVs either already available or are expected in the next few months:

  • Jeep Wrangler 4xe (arrived in March 2021 and Stellantis claimed it outsold the Prius Prime in Q2)
  • Ford Escape PHEV (went on sale in August)
  • Lincoln Corsair Grand Touring PHEV (expected at dealers in October)
  • Hyundai Santa Fe PHEV (Available summer of 2021)
  • Kia Sorento Plug-in Hybrid SX (Available late 2021))
  • Lexus 450h+ (starts production in the third quarter of 2021)



Average Range and Battery Size of PHEVs Currently Available in the US

With 32 PHEVs currently available in the US (as of September 21, 2021), they come in a wide variety of types, price, EPA range, and battery size. In the chart below we’ve analyzed the 32 PHEVs across 6 metrics. The mean (commonly referred to as the average) range is 24.7 miles and mean battery size is 13.5 kWh. When looking at the median, however, range drops to 21 miles and battery size down to 12.5 kWh.

PHEVs with 16 kWh or larger battery qualify for $7,500 tax credit

Six PHEVs Currently Qualify for the Maximum $7,500 Federal EV Tax Credit

There are six PHEVs that currently qualify for the $7,500 maximum tax credit, and their electric range is from a low of 21 miles for the Jeep Wrangler 4xe to a high of 65 miles for the Polestar 1. They also range in MSRP from about $38,000 for the Toyota RAV4 Prime to $165,000 for the Polestar 1. 


DCFC Locations, Ports and Ratio: Tesla vs. Other Networks

At the end of August, the Tesla Supercharger network reached 11,125 DC fast charger ports across the US, accounting for 57.1% of all DCFC ports. With 1,118 locations, however, the Supercharger network accounted for only 20.1% of the total DCFC locations. 

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