California: DCFC Well Ahead of Level 1 & Level 2 2025 Target Goals

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In 2019, the California Energy Commission established target goals for the number of EV charging connections by DCFC and combined L1 and L2. As of December 3 using AFDC data, the state was much closer to achieving the targets for DCFC stations at 59.4% of the low target and 29.4% of the high target. This versus 12.6% of the low target and 10.9% of the high target for Level 1 and 2 connections.

Looking at both the US and California data, it seems clear that investment is being overweighted to DCFC infrastructure over L1 and L2. Fast charging is clearly critical for taking road trips, but we also need a lot more convenient charging infrastructure that can charge EVs while drivers do other things – like sleeping, eating, shopping, and working. It is going to be interesting to watch where the charging infrastructure investment dollars flow over the next few years.



Average Range and Battery Size of PHEVs Currently Available in the US

With 32 PHEVs currently available in the US (as of September 21, 2021), they come in a wide variety of types, price, EPA range, and battery size. In the chart below we’ve analyzed the 32 PHEVs across 6 metrics. The mean (commonly referred to as the average) range is 24.7 miles and mean battery size is 13.5 kWh. When looking at the median, however, range drops to 21 miles and battery size down to 12.5 kWh.


PHEVs Account for Nearly 37% of EVs Sold to Date in the US

Through April 2021 PHEVs accounted for 36.7% of EVs (BEV and PHEV) sold in the US since January 2011. And in California, the most EV-centric state in the US, PHEVs comprise a slightly higher percentage of EV registrations to date at 38.3%.

PHEVs with 16 kWh or larger battery qualify for $7,500 tax credit

Six PHEVs Currently Qualify for the Maximum $7,500 Federal EV Tax Credit

There are six PHEVs that currently qualify for the $7,500 maximum tax credit, and their electric range is from a low of 21 miles for the Jeep Wrangler 4xe to a high of 65 miles for the Polestar 1. They also range in MSRP from about $38,000 for the Toyota RAV4 Prime to $165,000 for the Polestar 1. 

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